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The Median Household Income data is calculated by the US census as the amount which divides the income distribution into two equal groups. One group's income is above the median, and the second half is categorized into incomes below the median. The median is calculated based on people 15 years old and over with income. The dataset is available to download through the Urban SDK Data Hub for the years 2015 - 2020. The data has been aggregated to the census tract.

Census Medium Household Income Definition

The Census defines income further as income received on a regular basis (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains) before payments for personal income taxes, social security, union dues, medicare deductions, etc. Median household income does not reflect the fact that some families receive part of their income in the form of noncash benefits, in the form of food stamps, health benefits, subsidized housing, and goods produced and consumed on the farm, etc. These details should be considered when utilizing income data.

Census Income Parameters: Census.gov

Contents:

Census Income Schema

The dataset is available in JSON, Shapefile, GEOJSON, and CSV file types.


Description

Type

Example

geo_id

14-digit code relating the data to the correct geolocation

String

16981048

census_tract_code

The unique identifier provided by the US Census for each census tract

String

14401

sub_category

Median Household Income

String

Median Household Income

unit

Total Count ($)

String

Total Count

value

Median Household Income for corresponding census tract provided in dollars

Float

76987

year

Year data was collected

String

2019

county_name

Name of the county that the census tract resides in

String

Duval

state_name

Name of the state that the census tract resides in

String

Florida

geometry

The GIS information required for the computer to read the mapping file

String

MULTILINESTRING ((-81.59791 30.24124, -81.59801 30.24135))


Detailed Calculations

geo_id

The “GEO.ID” field contains 14-digit codes that identify the summary level of data, the geographic component of the data and FIPS codes that uniquely identify the data. For example, the 14-digit “GEO.ID” for Harris County, TX is “0500000US48201” where “050” represents the summary level of the data, “0000” represents the 2-digit geographic variant and the 2-digit geographic component, “US” represents the United States, “48” represents the state of Texas and “201” represents Harris County.

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