Urban SDK provides data to streamline projects revolving around spatial analysis, transportation, people, and planning with live and historical data.
The Disability datasets are reported once per year by the United States Census. The data reflect the number of persons reporting as having a disability defined by the US Census. The dataset is available to download through the Urban SDK Data Hub for the years 2015 - 2020. The data has been aggregated to the census tract.
Census Disability Definition
Disability data is collected through three federally conducted surveys (American Community Survey (ACS), Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), and Current Population Survey (CPS). Six disability types are identified in the surveying methods: hearing difficulty, vision difficulty, cognitive difficulty, ambulatory difficulty, self-care difficulty, and independent living difficulty. Anyone who reports one of the six disabilities is documented as having a disability.
Hearing difficulty deaf or having serious difficulty hearing (DEAR).
Vision difficulty blind or having serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses (DEYE).
Cognitive difficulty Because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem, having difficulty remembering, concentrating, or making decisions (DREM).
Ambulatory difficulty Having serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs (DPHY).
Self-care difficulty Having difficulty bathing or dressing (DDRS).
Independent living difficulty Because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem, having difficulties doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping (DOUT).
Census Disability Parameters: Census.gov
Census Disability Schema
The dataset is available in JSON, Shapefile, GEOJSON, and CSV file types.
14-digit code relating the data to the correct geolocation
The unique identifier provided by the US Census for each census tract
With a disability Total civilian non-institutionalized population
Total count of persons
Number of persons fitting within survey criteria
Year data was collected
Name of the county that the census tract resides in
Name of the state that the census tract resides in
The GIS information required for the computer to read the mapping file
MULTILINESTRING ((-81.59791 30.24124, -81.59801 30.24135))
The “GEO.ID” field contains 14-digit codes that identify the summary level of data, the geographic component of the data, and FIPS codes that uniquely identify the data. For example, the 14-digit “GEO.ID” for Harris County, TX is “0500000US48201” where “050” represents the summary level of the data, “0000” represents the 2-digit geographic variant, and the 2-digit geographic component, “US” represents the United States, “48” represents the state of Texas and “201” represents Harris County.